The Birth of the United States Post Office – During early colonial times most correspondence took place between the colonists and England. The King’s authorities would read and scour all of the information and mail that was being sent. Correspondence between the colonies relied on trusted friends, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.
Around 1639 Richard Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated as the official repository of mail by The General Court of Massachusetts (appointed from the King). Using taverns as mail drops was common practice in England, and the colonists adopted this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town representatives and https://locationsnearmenow.net/us-post-office-near-me/ inside the colonies, some of which remain around today.
In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of the latest York set up a monthly mailing post between New York and Boston. The post rider’s trail became called Old Boston Post Road, which can be part of today’s U.S. Route 1. Old Post Road in North Attleborough, Massachusetts was point about this rider’s trail and is one among the oldest roads in America.
In 1683, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania and a leader within the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or private messengers delivered communications from a single plantation to another one.
Most importantly, Thomas Neale received a twenty-one year grant in 1691 from your British Crown to begin a North American postal service. Neale had never laid foot on North American soil, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of brand new Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise cost him only 80 cents a year. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America up to Andrew Hamilton and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt as a result of this endeavor.
By 1707, the British Government had purchased the rights to the North American postal service from the widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The federal government then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 as he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.
In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who was postmaster of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed through the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for your colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, a man named John Foxcroft of New York succeeded him, serving up until the outbreak of the Revolutionary War.
During his time as being a Joint Postmaster General for that Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements in the colonial posts. He immediately begun to reorganize the service; he inspected Usps Liteblue inside the North and as far south as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were put on principal roads, and new and shorter routes were laid out. The first time, post riders carried mail during the night between Philadelphia and Ny, and the travel time have been shortened in two.
William Goddard, a publisher, set up a post for colonial only mail service. This was separate from the British crown and was funded by buying subscriptions. Net revenues were for use to improve his postal service. In 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress that this colonies come together to make a United Postal Service. He considered that this could be a method to separate the colonies’ mail from your British postal inspectors. In this way they can communicate colonial news only to the colonies. Goddard proposed his notion of a postal service to Congress 2 yrs before the Declaration of Independence was signed
By 1774 colonists failed to trust the British crown and viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Benjamin Franklin had been dismissed of his post duties from the Crown for his actions. The crown considered that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the reason for the colonies. In September 1774, shortly after the Boston riots, known today since the Boston Massacre, the colonies started to outside of England. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to build a completely independent government. One of the first questions before the delegates was how to convey and provide the mail.
With the Revolutionary War imminent, the Continental Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post.” This act ensured that communications in between the public and patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, continued. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress chose Benjamin Franklin because the nation’s first Postmaster General. The establishment from the organization that took over as the Post Office Store Hours nearly two centuries later traces back to this particular date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus to the British Postmaster General.
Franklin dedicated himself within this position, as well as numerous others, to meet George Washington’s dream of an information highway involving the citizens and government. Like Goddard, whose idea ended up being to become united, Washington believed, that as a nation, we might forever be bound together by way of a communication system of roads. When Franklin left office in November of 1776, post fkjiwq operated from Florida to Canada and mail in between the colonies and England was operating on the regular schedule.
America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line of the system Franklin created, planned, and put into operation. History rightfully affords him major credit for establishing the basis from the postal service which includes performed magnificently for the American people.